Protecting HIV Positive Women's Human Rights: Recommendations for the United States National HIV/AIDS Stategy.
This paper from July 2009, focuses on two aspects of the institutionalized mistreatment of people with HIV: 1) the criminalization of their consensual sexual conduct; and 2) the elimination of informed and documented consensual participation in their diagnosis through reliance on mandatory and opt-out testing policies. More than half of US states have HIV-specific laws criminalizing the consensual sexual activity of people with HIV, regardless of whether transmission occurs. Many of these laws hinge prosecution on the failure of HIV-positive people to disclose their HIV status to a sexual partner.
This paper grew out of the larger "Critical Issues for Women and HIV: Health Policy and the Development of a National AIDS Strategy"